Save the Rural Out of Poverty

Onion Farming

Why Onion farming:

Srop International chose to take Onion growing as one of its projects because they mature in short period, Easy to grow, has a wide market and Favourable for Uganda’s climate.


  1. Select a location with full sun where your onions won't be shaded by other plants.
  2. Soil needs to be well-drained, loose, and rich in nitrogen; compact soil affects bulb development.
  3. At planting time, you can mix in some nitogen fertilizer, too, and side dress every few weeks until the bulbing process begins.
  4. Seeding? Onion seeds are short-lived. If planting seeds indoors, start with fresh seeds each year. Start seeds indoors about 6 weeks before transplanting.
  5. Think of onions as a leaf crop, not a root crop. When planting onion sets, don’t bury them more than one inch under the soil; if more than the bottom third of the bulb is underground, bulb growth can be restricted.
  1. Fertilize every few weeks to get big bulbs. Do not put the soil back around the onions; the bulb needs to emerge above the soil.
  2. Generally, onions do not need consistent watering if mulch is used. About one inch of water per week (including rain water) is sufficient. 
  1. When onions start to mature, the tops become yellow and begin to fall over. At that point, bend the tops down.
  2. Loosen the soil to encourage drying, and after a few days turn them up and let them cure on dry   ground. Always handle them very carefully.
  3. When tops are brown, pull the onions.
  4. Be sure to harvest in late summer, before cool weather. Mature onions may spoil in fall weather.
  5. Allow onions to dry for several weeks before you store.
  6. Store at 40 to 50 degrees F.